This article applies some of the theory from the Suding et al article and turns on its head the conclusion from the Jones & Schmidt article. It looks at 11 wetland restoration projects and using convergence/divergence of species composition as compared to intact and degraded reference wetlands as a metric for success or failure. The authors found that in the short term, restoration sites became increasingly similar to both intact and degraded reference sites. However, in the longer term (>4 yrs) restoration sites diverged from intact reference sites and continued to move toward reference sites. This was due to invasion by a non-native grass.
- Illustrates how restoration trajectories move towards undesirable alternative stable states
- Applies theory from Suding et al article
- Interesting metric for judging restoration success
- Incorporates longer term perspective
- Does a nice job of bringing up policy issues at end
- Focus on one system: mid-western wetlands
- Uses only community-based metrics